|This website is designed to be a reference to help British coin
collectors identify various milled coins and their varieties minted from
Oliver Cromwell to the current currency used today.
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(Coins of Great Britain and the UK)
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With hundreds of colour pictures and hundreds of pages of information
about British coins. Whether you are looking for information about coin
collecting or coin values, you have come to the right place.
The use of coins in Britain dates back thousands of years to Celtic tribes which produced their own quite stylised coins. Their currency
was the gold Stater and the silver and bronze Unit's. Later during 43 A.D. the Romans began their conquest of England and brought their
own currency and coins to the land. After the Romans we move on to the Early and middle Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms. Each kingdom
minted their own coins and they did so by placing precut out prepared thin planchets of metals into coin dies. The lower die would be set
into a block and then the top die would be hammered down, squeezing the planchet in between, imprinting it with the required design and
thus producing coins. These coins are referred to as hammered coins.
The period of use for hammered coins is from around 600 A.D. to 1662 A.D. when milled (machine minted) coins became the norm. The
first milled coins in the UK were actually produced during Queen Elizabeth's reign in 1561 when a French moneyer called Eloye Mestrelle
introduced his method of using a screw press (as pictured on the left and right in the black and white image above) which was powered
by a horse. It is very similar to how some mills ground their grain so this method was nicknamed "mill money" and this is where we get the
term milled coins. These coins were of superior quality but they soon lost favour as many workers were worried about losing their jobs
due to the introduction of these "machines" and hammered coins were still faster to produce.
We don't see milled coins being produced again for circulation until the era of Oliver Cromwell "Lord protector" and this is where this sites
focus starts from. Some collectors focus on hammered coins other on milled, some on both. I personally started collecting milled coins
first and started this website to focus on this type of coinage. Milled coins offer a plethora of choices and types t collect and many sets
would take a lifetime to complete.
The great thing about coin collecting is that you can choose the focus of your collection whether it be Pennies, Crowns, coins from Queen
Victoria's era or just a mixture of nice coins, hopefully you will find this website of some use.
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