This website is designed to be a reference to help British coin
collectors identify various
milled coins and their varieties minted from
Oliver Cromwell to the current currency used today.
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(Coins of Great Britain and the UK)
VICTORIA 1837-1901
EDWARD VII 1901-1910
ERROR COINS
GEORGE V 1911-1936
GEORGE VI 1937-1952
WILLIAM IV 1830-1837
GEORGE IV 1820-1830
GEORGE III 1760-1820
GEORGE II 1727-1760
GEORGE I 1714-1727
ANNE 1702-1714
WILLIAM III 1694-1702
WILLIAM & MARY 1689-1694
JAMES II  1685-1688
CHARLES II 1660-1685
EDWARD VIII 1936
CROMWELL 1656 & 1658
PRICE GUIDE (Coin Values)
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Pictures Of The Royal Mint At Work 1905
GRADING COINS
Pre-Decimal Coins & Their Equivalent Values
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RARE COIN VARIETIES
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CURRENT UK CURRENCY
The use of coins in Britain dates back thousands of years to Celtic tribes which produced their own quite stylised coins. Their currency
was the gold Stater and the silver and bronze Unit's. Later during 43 A.D. the Romans began their conquest of England and brought their
own currency and coins to the land.  After the Romans we move on to the Early and middle Anglo-Saxon Kingdoms. Each kingdom
minted their own coins and they did so by placing precut out prepared thin planchets of metals into coin dies. The lower die would be set
into a block and then the top die would be hammered down, squeezing the planchet in between, imprinting it with the required design and
thus producing coins. These coins are referred to as hammered coins.

The period of use for hammered coins is from around 600 A.D. to 1662 A.D. when milled (machine minted) coins became the norm. The
first milled coins in the UK were actually produced during Queen Elizabeth's reign in 1561 when a French moneyer called Eloye Mestrelle
introduced his method of using a screw press (as pictured on the left and right in the black and white image above) which was powered
by a horse. It is very similar to how some mills ground their grain so this method was nicknamed "mill money" and this is where we get the
term milled coins. These coins were of superior quality but they soon lost favour as many workers were worried about losing their jobs
due to the introduction of these "machines" and hammered coins were still faster to produce.

We don't see milled coins being produced again for circulation until the era of Oliver Cromwell "Lord protector" and this is where this sites
focus starts from.  Some collectors focus on hammered coins other on milled, some on both. I personally started collecting milled coins
first and started this website to focus on this type of coinage. Milled coins offer a plethora of choices and types t collect and many sets
would take a lifetime to complete.
The great thing about coin collecting is that you can choose the focus of your collection whether it be Pennies, Crowns, coins from Queen
Victoria's era or just a mixture of nice coins, hopefully you will find this website of some use.

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