|Cromwell was born in Huntingdon on 25 April 1599. Following the traumatic
upheavals of civil war and unrest, he rose from the ranks of the minor gentry to
become Lord Protector and ruler of England, Scotland and Ireland, enjoying the
powers if not the title (which he refuse to accept) of king. At the time he was buried
with royal ceremonial in Westminster Abbey,
Three years later seeking revenge, Charles II had Cromwell's body dug up and killed
him all over again. Cromwell's body was dragged to Tyburn, strung up and
When it comes to Cromwell's coins some claim they were struck for circulation and
others perhaps have a stronger argument that they are patterns.
The argument for them not circulating officially is because for any coin to be legal
tender it has to be the subject of a proclamation by parliament naming it as such.
The first Cromwell coins were authorised to be struck and some were made in 1656,
though the majority were struck in 1658 and were most likely intended for circulation,
but were never legally issued. Some examples show wear and this can maybe be
explained by some being used as pocket pieces. At the time there was a strong
anti-parliamentarian backlash following the restoration of the monarchy.