From 1860 up to the present day and for the foreseeable future all lower
denominations like pennies have been minted using bronze instead of copper,
as bronze is a stronger alloy than copper.
Most coins are produced with a toothed border design. The word toothed border
is derived from the border which has small straight lines which run right around
the edge which look like a row of teeth.
Some times novice collectors get the toothed border and beaded border
confused as some toothed borders appear to be like beads in some parts of the
border. However the beads around a beaded border are fully circular extend all
the way round the border and do not touch the border at any point.
Below you can see an example of an 1870 toothed border penny.
|VICTORIA PENNY TOOTHED BORDER
|Courtesy of Geoffrey Cope